HIST 509

L A T I N    P A L A E O G R A P H Y

for Medieval and Early Modern European History

The purpose of this course is to introduce the basic elements of medieval Latin (and also vernacular) palaeography and manuscripts to enable a research student to work with primary sources in their ‘original’ form.

The course will comprise two elements:

·        a chronological survey of the development of Latin handwriting in the Middle Ages, including a ‘week-by-week’ examination of the most important scripts (with an emphasis on those relevant to British history);

·        an introduction to other aspects of medieval manuscript studies, such as illumination and codicology. 

This www page contains the Course Outline,  links to Some Online Resources  and a Bibliography of relevant books held in Bilkent Library.


Course Outline

·        Introduction: Some Basic Palaeographical Principles and Concepts

·        Behind the Words: Abbreviations, Punctuation, and Numerals (plus a glance at ‘Record Type’)

·        The Origins of Medieval Palaeography: Roman Scripts

·        The Early Middle Ages: Insular and Continental ‘National’ Scripts

·        Later Insular Devlopments: Late Anglo-Saxon and Medieval/Early Modern Irish Scripts

·        Codicology: The Manuscript and its Makeup

·        Caroline Minuscule

·        Early/Proto-Gothic Scripts

·        Gothic Textualis Scripts: ‘Black Letter’

·        Manuscript Illumination (esp. illuminated capitals)

·        Gothic Cursive Documentary Scripts: Anglicana Documentaria

·        Gothic Cursive Book Scripts I: Anglicana Formata or Court Hand

·        Gothic Cursive Book Scripts II: Secretary Hand

·        Humanistic and Italic Scripts

 Some Online Resources: Tutorials and E-Books (links last checked 10 Jan. 07)

·        Arrighi, Ludovico degli, La Operina (1522): introduction to Italic script.

·        Cappelli, Adriano, Lexicon Abbreviaturarum (Leipzig, 1928): scanned images of the German translation.

·        Cours de paléographie: mostly (very) late medieval and early modern in scope.

·        Dave Postle’s Palaeography Tutorial: a great interactive site.

·        Digital Scriptorium

·        Ductus: demo version of commercial palaeography software.

·        English Handwriting 1500-1700: An Online Course: hosted by the Cambridge English Renaissance Electronic Service.

·        Exercises in Latin Palaeography: English version of Italian web-site.

·        Lector - Transkription von mittelalterlichen Quellentexten computergestützt üben: pdf file.

·        Lindsay, W. M., Notae Latinae (Cambridge, 1915): scanned images can be downloaded in various formats, inc. pdf.

·        Manuscript Studies: Medieval and Early Modern: homepage for a course at University of Alberta, Canada.

·        Medieval Writing: excellent links section as well as palaeography exercises.

·        Muñoz y Rivero, Jesús, Manual de paleografía diplomatica española de los siglos XII al XVII (1889)

·        Paléographie & manuscrits en ligne

·        Palaeography: Reading Old Handwriting 1500 – 1800: A practical online tutorial from the National Archives, UK.

·        Paläographisches Lesetraining für lateinische Schriften des 5. – 20. Jahrhunderts: German site by Thomas Frenz, Universität Passau.

·        ScottishHandwriting.com: Early modern palaeography based on MSS from Scotland.

·        Steffens, Franz, Paléographie latine (Paris, 1910): pdf files of French translation of his Lateinische Paläographie.

·        Thompson, Edward Maunde, An Introduction to Greek and Latin Palaeography (1912)

·        Vocabulaire codicologique: Explanations of terms used in codicology.

Bibliography: Relevant Books held in Bilkent Library

·        Alexander, J. J. G., Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (1992)

·        Avrin, Leila, Scribes, Script and Books: The Book Arts from Antiquity to the Renaissance (1991)

·        Backhouse, Janet, The Lindisfarne Gospels (1981)

·        Barney, Stephen A., Annotation and its Texts (1991)

·        Bately, Janet, Michelle Brown, and Jane Roberts (edd.), A Palaeographer's View. Selected Writings of Julian Brown (1993)

·        Beal, Peter, and Terry Griffiths (edd.), English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700 (vols 1, 3-4)

·        Bischoff, Bernhard, Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages (1990)

·        ---, Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne (1994)

·        Boyle, Leonard E., Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction (1984) updated online here.

·        Brown, Michelle P., A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600 (1990)

·        ---, Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts: A Guide to Technical Terms (1994)

·        ---, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (1991)

·        Brownrigg , Linda L. (ed.), Making the Medieval Book: Techniques of Production (1995)

·        Dahl, Svend, History of the Book (1968), esp. chs. 2 and 3

·        Dawson, Giles E., and Laetitia Kennedy-Skipton, Elizabethan Handwriting 1500-1650. A Guide to the Reading of Documents and Manuscripts (1981)

·        de Hamel, Christopher, Scribes and Illuminators (1992)

·        ---, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts (1986/1994)

·        Drogin, Marc, Medieval Calligraphy: Its History and Technique (1980)

·        Fairbank, A.J., and R. W. Hunt, Humanistic Script of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (1993)

·        Gaur, Albertine, A History of Calligraphy (1994)

·        Goldberg, Jonathan, Writing Matter from the Hands of the English Renaissance (1990)

·        Gosden, David, Starting to Read Medieval Latin Manuscript. An Introduction for Students of Medieval History and Genealogy Who Wish to Venture into Latin Texts (1993)

·        Guyotjeannin, Olivier, Jacques Pycke and Benoît-Michel Tock, Diplomatique médiévale (1993)

·        Ison, Alf, A Secretary Hand ABC Book (1982)

·        John, James A., ‘Latin Paleography’, in Medieval Studies: An Introduction, ed. by James M. Powell (1992), pp. 3-81

·        Ker, N. R., Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries (1969)

·        Korhammer, Michael (ed.), Words, Texts and Manuscripts: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Culture (1992)

·        Lowe, E. A., Handwriting (1969)

·        Maniaci, Marilena, Terminologia del libro manoscritto (1996)

·        Manion, Margaret M., and Bernard J. Muir (edd.), Medieval Texts and Images: Studies of Manuscripts from the Middle Ages (1991)

·        Monks, Peter Rolfe, and D. R. Owen (edd.), Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair (1994)

·        Munby, Lionel M., Reading Tudor and Stuart Handwriting (1988)

·        Parkes, M. B., Scribes, Scripts and Readers: Studies in the Communication, Preservation and Dissemination of Medieval Texts (London, 1991)

·        Petti, Anthony G., English Literary Hands from Chaucer to Dryden (1977)

·        Preston, Jean F., and Laetitia Yeandle, English Handwriting, 1400-1650: An Introductory Manual (1992)

·        Pulsiano, Phillip, and Elaine M. Treharne (eds.), Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts and their Heritage (1998)

·        Reynolds, L. D. and N. G. Wilson, Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature (1991)

·        Roberts, Colin H., and T. C. Skeat The Birth of the Codex (1983)

·        Robinson, Andrew, The Story of Writing: with over 350 Illustrations, 50 in Color (1995)

·        Robinson, P. R. and Rivkah Zim (eds.), Of the Making of Books: Medieval Manuscripts, their Scribes and Readers. Essays presented to M. B. Parkes (1997)

·        Rouse, Mary A., Authentic Witnesses: Approaches to Medieval Texts and Manusripts (1991)

·        Samaran, Charles, and Robert Marichal, Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine, textes et planches, vols II-VII (1962-84)

·        Stiennon, Jacques, Paleographie du moyen âge (1991)

·        ---, L'ecriture, Typologie des sources du Moyen Age occidental, 72 (1995)

·        Thompson, Edward Maunde, An Introduction to Greek and Latin Palaeography (1912)

·        Thoyts, E. E., How to Read Old Documents (1980)

·        Ullman, Berthold Louis, Ancient Writing and its Influence (1969)